Counseling begins with the phenomenal field. Rogers defends his view by referring to the fact that his theory is based on more than twenty-five years of experience in psychotherapy Pervin It is this view that led Rogers to believe that human nature is inherently good, and that it is cultural and social factors that lead individuals astray, and warp the human organism in destructive directions.
The conscious mind is like the tip of an iceberg, with its greatest part—the unconscious—submerged.
The Theory of Personality By: Due to the fact that the activities within the subconscious mind Freuds and rogers theory of personality the conscious mind, the subsequent actions of In this article we will make an effort to provide a brief overview of it. Although both theories are developed through years of clinical experience, they are based on very different assumptions.
However, the endless pursuit of pleasure, driven by the id, or unconscious, directly conflicts with society, as the uncontrolled satisfaction of personal pleasure is not acceptable. Some might criticise Rogers as being a naive optimist and point out the violent history of humanity.
They would completely and blindly pursue pleasure and attain it at any cost. It is these urges, Freud claimed, that form the basis of the hidden self. This is because according to Freud, human nature is basically driven by sexual instincts. Sigmund Freud — and Carl Rogers — are widely recognised as two of the most influential psychotherapists of the twentieth century Ziegler Human Nature Freud theorised that people have an unconscious mind that would, if permitted, manifest itself in incest, murder and other activities which are considered crimes in contemporary society.
Freud endorsed the fact that the unconscious mind had a very strong presence in the practice conscious thinking of individuals, and even though individuals may not be aware of the reasoning for their conscious thoughts, for believe that the interplay of the memories that were held within the subconscious, as well as the interplay of the repressed desires and emotions that are housed within an individual subconscious, were probably responsible for the psychological condition of many individuals.
Sigmund Freud opined that human behaviour can be understood by studying the past experiences of a person -- especially the childhood -- and how the person perceived these circumstances at various developmental stages of his life.
Priority is given to what a person understands to be true perceived reality rather than what actually is true.
The mind beyond our immediate awareness: Until a person succeeds in self-actualization, they will have issues and remain out of balance in how they relate to their world. Copernicus moved our home from centre of the universe to its periphery, Darwin relegated us to descent from an animal world and Freud discovered the unconscious and deconstructed the myth of a fully rational mind Ekstrom The largest portion of the mind is formed by the unconscious-system and only a very small part by the conscious.
Freud constructed his concept of the unconscious from analysis of slips of the tongue, dreams, neuroses, psychoses, works of art and rituals Pervin Freud believed the control of these instincts is necessary for society to exist.
Freud believed that the repressed desires and emotions that were held within the subconscious mind eventually affected the dreams that individuals had, as well as affected the perspective that individuals have on reality in their day-to-day living.
Human behaviour is, according to Rogers: This theory says that human behaviour is the result of unconscious instincts that are uncontrollable; their manifestation results in day-to-day behaviour of a human being. The unconscious, according to Rogers, is what the mind construes as perception, and not the main driver of human behaviour.
The Theory of Personality.
The unconscious moves beyond cognitive awareness and is the basis of all personality traits. What Defines Human Nature? Two theories on the formation of personalities were developed by neurologist Sigmund Freud and psychologist Carl Rogers.
Rogers is recognised for his approach to therapy, where the client has a more direct role in therapy and the therapist takes the back seat, and Freud is best known for his work on the unconscious mind.
While there are many areas within Rogerian theory, one worth noting is known as the Phenomenal Field. Their concept of human nature and the role of rationality in human motivation are diametrically opposed.
In psychoanalytic theory, mental life is divided into three levels of awareness. Rogers stated that human behaviour can be understood exclusively by studying how the person perceives himself internally.
Therefore, Freud claimed that for the human race to survive, humans must be kept frustrated, and that civilization is inevitably accompanied by human discontent. One result of his work was a psychological theory. Increasing freedom of choice Creativity and adaptability without necessarily conforming.
Both theorised that people have a hidden personality of which they are not aware. The real self is created through the actualising tendency, it is the self that one can become.Both Freud’s and Rogers’ theory of personality are based on some very basic assumptions and occupy opposite ends of the spectrum of views on human motivation.
When comparing both theories with contemporary research in cognitive psychology, Rogers’ personality is to be preferred over the Freudian model.
References. Boeree, C. G. (). Freud and Rogers' theories of personality and psychotherapy continue to produce controversy by many in the field. Compare and contrast the main principles and components within each theory and. Not surprisingly, Skinner, Piaget, and Freud are the top three.
What may be of interest is that Carl Rogers is ranked number 6. Among the reasons cited is Rogers’ groundbreaking work in the development of humanistic or client centered therapy. Freud vs. Rogers: the Theory of Personality Essay example Words Mar 18th, 4 Pages Famous psychological theorists, Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers, possibly two of the greatest thinkers of our time, both made much advancement in the field of psychology with.
Rogers' theory says that the unconscious mind is not part of the personality, let alone the basis. Rather, it is only a part of the process. The unconscious, according to Rogers, is what the mind construes as perception, and not the main driver of human behaviour.
Based on psychoanalytic theory, Freud states that personality is composed of 3 important elements which include the id, ego, and super-ego, all developed in different stages of our lives. The 3 elements function at different level of consciousness.Download